A network of bones and muscles surrounds the oral cavity. Every time you smile, talk, frown, or eat, the muscles and jawbones are used. The jawbones also play a vital role in facial expressions and in digestion too. The teeth are embedded in the jawbone, and the jawbones’ restricted movement can cause significant hindrance in regular activities.
The temporomandibular joint functions like a hinge joint connecting the jawbones to the skull. The TMJ is found on either side of the head, in front of the ears. The temporomandibular joint facilitates the opening and closing of the jaws. Without temporomandibular joint, speaking or eating would not have been possible.
Dysfunction of the temporomandibular joint might lead to pain and discomfort and difficulties in chewing the food, talking, and locking the jaws. The temporomandibular joint is a bi-arthrodial hinge joint that connects the condylar head of the mandible and mandibular fossa of the temporal bone. Pain and inability to move these joints lead to temporomandibular joint disorder, commonly known as TMJ disorder.
Although the exact cause of the temporomandibular joint disorder is difficult to determine, it can be due to underlying factors. TMJ specialists are more experienced in deciding TMJ disorder’s reasons—the temporomandibular joint functions like a hinge with a sliding motion. The jawbones’ continuous movement is facilitated by the interaction of the bones with the joints covered with cartilage and separated by shock-absorbing disks.
The temporomandibular joint disorder might be caused due to:
The temporomandibular joint disorder is associated with severe pain and discomfort and might last from a short period to years. TMJ disorders might affect either side of your face or both sides. The prominent symptoms include:
Prominent symptoms help to diagnose the temporomandibular joint disorder. Tooth decay, sinuses, dental decay, or periodontal diseases guide dentists to look for the temporomandibular joint disorder.
Physical examination is the first step to diagnose TMJ disorder. They would look for tenderness or pain in the jaws and look for pops, clicks, or grating sound on moving the jaws. Dentists also check the position of jaws during bite and closing of the mouth.
The final steps include a full-face x-ray to determine the problem. They might also perform computer tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
Dental TMJ treatments are performed by dental professionals that include medication, bite guards, and physiotherapy. Relaxation techniques and stress management is also known to produce effective results. Modern alternative TMJ treatment procedure also includes physical therapies and acupuncture.
TMJ disorders also respond to home remedies, including ice packs and alternate hot and cold compressions. Other home remedies to treat TMJ disorders are:
The professional treatment for TMJ disorders is:
Korean Family Dental is rated as one of New Jersey’s top dentists in 2018 and 2019 by the New Jersey Monthly magazine. We offer free x-rays for all the new patients, and you may book an appointment to avail of the services. We are open after the COVID-19 scare, and the safety of our patients is the top priority. You can expect TMJ disorder treatment with care here.